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Dundrum CastleBelfast City Hall

From Castles to City Hall

Not just bricks and mortar

Castles to concert halls, our buildings are still making history.

Northern Ireland has some of the finest castles on this island. The earliest are a Norman legacy, but fortified homes continued well into the 17th century.

Through centuries of war, siege and expansion, Carrickfergus Castle was Ireland's most formidable stronghold.  It still looks battle-ready today and is one of our most striking monuments, whether approached by land, sea or air.  Other towering examples include Greencastle Royal Castle and Dundrum Castle on the strategically important south Down coastline, Harry Avery's Castle, once a stronghold of the Gaelic O'Neills in Tyrone. 

Definitely worth a visit is Enniskillen Castle, a former stronghold of the Maguire Chieftains, then a Plantation Castle and later a military barrcks - and now home to the fascinating Fermanagh County Museum and Inniskilling Museum.  For the ultimate cliffhanger, Dunluce Castle clings precariously above the north Atlantic.  Once the headquarters of the MacDonnell Clan, its magical setting is said to have inspired C.S. Lewis and was included in BBC Countryfile Magazine's top 10 romantic ruins in Britain.

Our western counties have numerous 17th century, defended stone Planter homes.  These include Springhill (which has an intriguing family link to RMS Titanic), Bellaghy Bawn, Benburb Castle, Castle Caulfield, and Fermanagh sites such as Tully Castle, Monea Castle and Castle Balfour.  Much of Derry City dates from this era, including its encircling walls – completely intact and never breached –  and the impressive St. Columb's Cathedral, the first of its kind to be built after the Reformation.

Northern Ireland in the 18th and 19th centuries had contrasting ways of life.  From sumptuous manors epitomised by the likes of Ardress House, Castle Ward and Hillsborough Castle, to humble cottages.  17 US presidents have Ulster roots and many of their ancestral homes are preserved, including the Grant Ancestral Homestead in Tyrone. The Ulster Folk Museum, Cultra has also collected and restored traditional farm and village buildings.  Armagh City is testament to Georgian elegance, and as Ireland's ecclesiastical capital, boasts two beautiful cathedrals, both dedicated to St. Patrick.

During the Victorian Period, this part of Ireland was at its peak as an industrial power.  Belfast in particular flaunted its wealth through splendid buildings, among them City Hall, built on profits from the gasworks, Queen's University and the adjoining Botanic Gardens, Malone House, Belfast Castle, the Albert Memorial Clock, and even the ornate Crown Liquor Saloon – perhaps the finest Victorian 'gin palace'' in these islands.  Take a guided architectural tour and learn the stories behind the stonework.

Just Some Ideas

The Verbal Arts Centre, Londonderry/Derry

The Verbal Arts Centre is Ireland’s only centre devoted to literature and the language arts. Integrated within the building are a number of arts and crafts pieces including works by Louis Le Brocquy and John Behan

Crom Estate, Newtownbutler, Enniskillen

Set on the shores of Upper Lough Erne in County Fermanagh, Crom is one of Ireland's most important nature conservation areas.

Parliament Buildings, Stormont, Belfast

Parliament Buildings is home to the Northern Ireland Assembly, the legislative body for Northern Ireland established under the Belfast Agreement 1998 (Good Friday Agreement).

St Columb's Cathedral, Londonderry/Derry

Dominating the skyline on all approaches to the city of Londonderry is Saint Columb's Cathedral, which has stood on its prominent site inside the famous walls of Derry since 1633. Dedicated to the name of Saint Columba (Columb)

Apprentice Boys of Derry Memorial Hall & Siege Museum, Londonderry/Derry

The Apprentice Boys of Derry Memorial Hall and museum is dedicated to the history and heritage of the Siege of Londonderry 1688 - 1689. The building is neo-gothic, with a strong Scottish baronial façade and is a listed building.

St Marys Comber, Comber, Newtownards

St Mary’s Parish Church stands on the site of a Cistercian Abbey built in 1199. It was of similar size and architecture to the one in Greyabbey and survived until 1543 when it was closed by order of Henry VIII. The present church dates from 1840.

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